America’s best days always lie ahead.


On January 20, 1981, Ronald Wilson Reagan became the 40th President of the United States. He championed “a great new beginning” for America.

Presidential Speeches

February 5,1981-Address to the Nation on the Economy

September 24,1981-Address to the Nation on Economic Recovery and Social Security

December 23,1981-Address to the Nation on the Situation in Poland

Executive Actions

January 22,1981-Establishment of Presidential Task Force on Regulatory Relief

March 26,1981-Signing of Executive Order 12301 establishing the Presidential Council on Integrity & Efficiency

July 21,1981-Ottawa Economic Summit Conference

Historic Events

April 12-14,1981Inaugural Flight of Space Shuttle Columbia

May 21-22,1981-Visit of Chancellor Helmut Schmidt of the Federal Republic of Germany

October 21-24,1981-Cancun Summit on International Cooperation and Development


Remembering the events that shaped a president

The Heritage Foundation will reflect on the historic inaugural year of the Reagan Administration and the revolution in American politics that ushered in “The Age of Reagan.”





1937-Captain Reagen, First Film

1966-Governor of California

1968-Candidate for President

1970-Re-elected as Governor

1976-Candidate for President




1980-Republican Nomination


1985-Soviet INF Concessions

1989-Reagan’s Final Budget

1991-The Reagan Legacy

2003-Happy Birthday, Mr.President





What is the lighting of the aquarium?

As the name tells you, the aquarium lighting is what you will see inside the fish tanks to illuminate the aquarium. Aquariums, often different from each other, require specialized lighting according to their characteristics, which will allow them to support the processes of photosynthesis of some species within the water. You will see aquarium lighting for different types of water; here we explain in detail what each one consists of:

  • Fresh water: They use high density compact fluorescent light bulbs. These provide a much stronger source of light that stimulates the growth of plants, however, has the disadvantage that usually consume more electricity than conventional lights and general much more heat.
  • Brackish: It is similar to the lighting used for fresh water, however, brackish water aquariums usually include infrared bulbs or UBV, sometimes or one or the other, but there are also cases where they include both types, idea is that this type of lighting provides some protection to part of the fauna that you will find in the aquarium, as is the case of turtles.
  • Marina: In the case of marine aquariums, lighting is used for the sole purpose of dissipating darkness. The idea of ​​this type of light is that you have an optimal visualization of the fish that make up the pond and the species that are there. Here the light has purely aesthetic purposes, so it is also usually of less intensity than that used in other types of aquarium, since, in this case, it is rather seeking to limit the growth of algae.

Lighting not only for fish

There are many types of lighting for aquariums, but if you are newbies you must remember that lighting is not strictly necessary for fish or to heat water, but rather to help the photosynthesis of plant species found in the aquarium. Source: If you want to heat the pond, the heater will suffice, but the light benefits, for example, algae and coral more than fish. Then, before deciding, you must be clear about the size and type of your aquarium so that, with these specific data, you can select the appropriate lighting. It is necessary that you remember that each illumination has its advantages and strengths; you only have to know which the right one is.

Other fluorescent lighting for aquarium

Some aquariums, by their nature and condition, only require fluorescent lighting with normal output without major pretensions, this, of course, will depend on what type of tank you have and the depth. You will see that fluorescent bulbs come in lengths ranging from 18 to 72 inches, and as the bulb lengthens, it produces more watts which can be beneficial for certain types and sizes of aquariums. A typical fluorescent lamp is four to six times cheaper than a conventional incandescent lamp because it operates its invisible ultraviolet light. In this context, you will find other types of fluorescent lighting that will be beneficial for certain types of aquarium; here we explain some of them:

  • T-12: They are cheap and very available, they usually come with aquariums, and however, they are not very energy efficient. They are the widest fluorescents, tending to measure up to 1.5 inches.
  • T-8: It is one of the most used options recently; it has slightly higher energy efficiency than the T-12 bulb. It is about 1 inch wide and its 48-inch version uses 32 watts.
  • T-2: They are often used to complement LED lights as they often use fewer watts to produce the energy that corals and algae need. They are really small, measure 0.276 inches in diameter and produce about 950 lumens, ideal for aquariums with algae less than 18 inches deep.

What is the best lamp for aquarium?

If you still do not know what to buy, you can check the comments of the users, and, although the brand is not that important, maybe we can throw a light on what you need. See Source: We have wanted to give you a hand and here we leave our guide where are those that, we consider, are the best aquarium lamps:

  1. Deckey Aquarium Lamp

Energy Saver

This LED screen is suitable for aquariums less than 120 centimeters. It is a good quality product, friendly to the environment and energy saver. It brings 120 nano white light bulbs and another 24 blue light. Those who already have it claim that it is an ally for the growth of aquarium plants of up to 200 liters. It has high cost, but its users say that it is a great investment.

  1. Aquarium lamp, lights for aquariums

It favors the growth of plants

With a show of colors based on white and blue lights, these 500 lumen LED lamps have efficient consumption and an elegant and very aesthetic design. Endowed with power of 11 watts, this lamp offers you excellent night vision and develop a good actinic light that encourages plant growth using a good germicide. It is an economical product, easy to install and good performance. It occupies little space. For added information see Source:

  1. Sodial LED aquarium strip lamp

Protect the environment

This lamp is the least expensive model. It is a white light tube ideal for lighting 15-liter tanks providing a cold but intense light that will offer you a beautiful light show in your aquarium, especially if you have a pink fish tank. It is installed through a system of suction cups and can be placed on the lid of the tank or subject with other mechanisms. It is suitable for simple plants.

  1. SIMBR aquarium lamp

Simple and easy to install

With a system of low consumption that does not produce pollution, this lamp is suitable for ponds of less than one meter, specifically for those between 30 and 50 cm. It has a telescopic rod design and offers you bright night vision light. The fluorescent screens of this manufacturer consist of 300 lumens, are made of plastic PVC and have power of 6 watts. It is low cost and very light.

  1. LED aquarium lamp Itian

Two levels of light and color

Designed with specialized power supply, this luminary will help you grow everything you have planted in the pond. There are 72 lights with two light levels and it is suitable for aquariums less than 90 cm and with power greater than 5w. It is affordable and according to the opinion of those who have already bought it, it is a product of great performance and efficient energy. See more at Source:

Things to look in luggage bags

To buy a suitcase and carry your belongings in a comfortable and safe way to where you need it, it is worth noting that at least two or three different suitcase sizes are included according to the type of trip you are going to make, including your respective wheels for a more comfortable transfer, which have a good closing mode and ergonomic handle for good handling and handling, and which are not too heavy. Among the proposals that users recommend, the Vojagor Red Bordeaux model stands out for having a pack of four suitcases in different colours to choose from, resistant to knocks and with revolving wheels in 360.

As a second option, Hauptstadtkoffer Alex It stands out for having a set of three suitcases, polycarbonate construction, 360-degree rotating wheels and a 3-digit security system so that the opening of the case is not easy before theft attempts. Check out the ultimate luggage sets buying guide.

The ultimate luggage sets buying guide

What is the best suitcase in the market?

Suitcases are the perfect companion for all your trips. The place to take everything you care about or what you need, with a versatile space distribution, so you only carry what you need. Learn more about these products with our guide to buy the best suitcase in the market, which will make it easier to find a suitcase that is economical, but of high quality, to make the most of your trips.

Available space

When we decide to buy a suitcase, the first thing we must evaluate is the need for space that we will have. Today, it is true that any product that we see in a comparison of suitcase sets includes the three basic pieces, with a briefcase or large suitcase, medium suitcase and hand luggage, but this does not prevent the space and its distribution from varying. The proof is that in this comparative that we mentioned, and in the study work that we have done, we found games of three suitcases that go from the 180 to the 240 litres of capacity. How can there be such a difference? It is simple from the the ultimate luggage sets buying guide because the format and measurements of suitcases change and with it the space available inside.

So, when evaluating the space of the game, study both the measurements and the actual capacity of each of the suitcases. Also take a look inside, if photos allow, to see that the available space is practicable and not just a theoretical calculation. And, by the way, speaking of dimensions, do not forget to verify that the cabin luggage has the correct measurements because if this is not so, it can cost you more than one sanction.

Resistance and materials

We all know how good treatment is given to our bags when we travel. Therefore, our suitcase should be resistant and capable of withstanding these abuses. A question in which the manufacturing materials of the same are key that, as far as quality materials are concerned, does not already have a great influence on how much the game costs. We hope you will take notes from the ultimate luggage sets buying guide.

The good news is that the current trend is that many games already have exteriors made of a high-strength plastic material, which adequately support the blows that can be worn during use while keeping your belongings safe inside. It is the most current trend and generally preferred by travellers from around the world. The alternative is found in high-strength textile materials. Materials that, although they have a good shock-absorbing power, is somewhat less effective in this task. However, they have a greater resistance when it comes to withstanding continuous blows, so that, in the long run, suitcases with this material will last longer than hard shell models. In any case, the option is yours, considering both the frequency of your trips and the suffering of your bags. Have a look at the ultimate luggage sets buying guide.


We cannot close these tips without talking about the mobility of suitcases that are part of the game. If we take into account that we will have to carry them in airports, buses, trains and several times throughout our trip. Therefore, a game with quality mobility will undoubtedly save you hassles and problems. Mobility usually begins with the feet, or in this case, with the wheels. The suitcases that we are evaluating must include wheels, preferably of free rotation, that help us to carry the suitcases rolling there to where it is necessary. If you do not have four freewheels at least we should have two, to make it easier to move them.

A displacement in which the telescopic handle system is also important. This handle allows you to adjust your height to yours so that pulling or pushing the suitcases is much more comfortable. A quality handle is the perfect partner of good wheels, and should not be missing in any of the suitcases that are part of the game. By the way, some suitcases can be carried together, so, if the game offers you this possibility, much better.

What is the best suitcase suit of 2018?

Thinking about making a purchase soon? The best recommendation we can make is that you do not rush and take the time to review several options so that the product you buy is the best. That’s why here we bring you the best suitcase games you’ll find in the market or the ultimate luggage sets buying guide.

The best of all is the Vojagor Red Bordeaux

Main advantage

The pack includes four sizes of suitcases that you can adapt for each of your trips whether they are short, business or long vacations. The best thing is that when you are not travelling you can store them easily because they all fit in the large suitcase, reducing the amount of space needed to store them.

This suitcase of suitcases enjoys an excellent relation quality price, the users who acquired it express much satisfaction because the suitcases are resistant thanks to the hardness of the ABS housing that covers them, with good space and a system of 360º wheels that allows a great mobility for customers. Its extendable handle adjusts to 2 levels with the push of a button. Includes a pin with a 3-digit combination to secure the contents of your suitcase and protect it from thieves.

Ranking an eCommerce Site : What is it?

The e-commerce continues to grow in popularity around the world because 44% of online shoppers begin their shopping process in a search engine. And as it is such an important purchasing channel, one might think that e-commerce companies are pursuing an SEO strategy and/or hiring the services of an SEO Agency as part of their overall digital marketing strategy, but it is not always the case. For all this the Ranking an eCommerce Site is very necessary. SEO is one of the most effective digital marketing tools in terms of the acquisition and retention of customers in electronic commerce. Social networks and email marketing are other effective means for this purpose. There are a number of common SEO errors for e-commerce. Let’s see what they are:

Common SEO errors for e-commerce: Which we do not do!

Forget your target audience in keyword research

It is one of the common mistakes of SEO for e-commerce that happens to any owner of an online store. When conducting keyword research, many e-commerce businesses spend a lot of time searching for keywords that are relevant to their products and forget to focus on the keywords that their target audience is really looking for. Keyword brainstorming should be based on the unique answers that your target audience could write in the search engine. These are often long-tail keywords, which are actually easier to the position because they have less competition than generalized keywords. The Ranking an eCommerce Site, however is very essential.

Here are some examples of long tail keywords for e-commerce:

  • Red patent leather shoes for women
  • Running shoes for men
  • Black dress shoes for men

Once we have the keywords, the goal of these is to create relevant blog entries as part of your content marketing strategy.

Content spam on your website

For the Ranking an eCommerce Site, the real content is much needed. In recent years, Google’s algorithms have gone through some major changes, so some tactics from the past such as the repetition of the keyword have become obsolete. If your e-commerce is over optimized for fill-in keywords, Meta tags, URL addresses, product descriptions and other content with the same keyword, this can lead to a drop in ranking positions. At the same time, this has a negative impact on the user experience (UX). Even if you have managed to rank on the first page of search results, you will still need the user to convert, once you have accessed your website, and this is much easier to do with useful and valuable content than with filler text and spam.

Duplicate content

Google admits that indexing and viewing pages with different information is a very important priority for them. The last thing they want is for each link on the first page of results to lead to the same content. Hence, they are making continuous efforts to eliminate the content that has been deliberately duplicated by other websites. There are some completely legitimate reasons why your site might contain duplicate content; however, it would still create some SEO problems. This is one other culprit that lets you not attain the Ranking an eCommerce Site. We know that it is tempting to use the manufacturer’s product description on your website, but do not do it. Well, it’s better not to give Google any reason to think that content is being deliberately duplicated.

Lack of product reviews

As we said before, SEO is not only about getting the user to access your website. Once you have agreed, you have to convince him to buy. One of the most effective ways to achieve this is through reviews. 61% of consumers will consult the reviews before making the purchase, so you have to feel they have them on your website. Reviews can also serve as fresh content, something that Google likes a lot. View the reviews as an opportunity to position a new set of long-tail keywords by adding “product review “to your set of normal keywords.

Do not optimize URLs

This is one of the big common mistakes of SEO for e-commerce that mean a lot to the search. Well, the keywords found in the URLs can help search engines understand what the page is about. For ranking an eCommerce Site, the optimization is the main thing! E-commerce websites with a large number of pages often opt for non-descriptive URL, those that include a product number or even something more unintelligible

ALT attribute

When Google bots crawl your website, all they read is HTML. For that reason, even the images of your website must have some HTML (in this case, an ALT tag is incorporated ), in this way Google will be able to define what they are. Make sure you do it right, that all your images contain the most appropriate ALT tags. These should not be optimized with keywords unless the keyword in question is really relevant to the image being treated.

Slow charge speed

Another important problem that arises in SEO is the loading speed of the site. If your website has a large number of graphic elements, this will make your website take longer to load, which in turn, will affect the positioning of the search engines. This seems to be a big problem, particularly for e-commerce sites. This is quite detrimental, especially considering that 40% of visitors to a website, leave the website if it takes more than three seconds to load, resulting in a higher rebound rate that will harm your ranking.

Check out Google PageSpeed Insights to check the loading speed of your site. The Google tool also offers tips on how to improve it.

Forget the internal linking

Google likes to see new content that links to other quality content, something that electronic stores can take advantage of for their websites. If you have a blog, make sure your pieces of content include internal links to other high-quality content and relevant sites. In the same way, the use of relevant keywords as part of your anchor text will help Google determine what the content will be about. You just have to make sure to avoid the abuse of the same keywords in your anchor texts; this could harm the SEO of your e-commerce and let you not attain a Ranking an eCommerce Site.

U. S. Legislation Policies and Procedures

Legislation becomes law by democratic practice. The policy is the law is made by the people. Representatives chosen by the people, or the citizens, lead the legislative process by making a proposal for a new law or a change to established law. The leadership majority that represents the people’s will moves a proposal forward until a final approval.

U. S. Legislation Policies and Procedures

The People’s Legislation:

Any citizen in the United States has the opportunity to make a law proposal. Following this generous American policy, the representatives chosen by the people to pursue their interests are the first citizens who make a proposal. Upon a belief they can advocate a good American law, a citizen, on their own or with a citizen group, can propose any law on any topic to their representative. A tax form simplification or an entrepreneurial incentive.

The First Amendment right to petition guarantees the opportunity. The representatives in the state legislature who know their fellow citizens as state residents can lead national law making by sending a memorial to the United States Congress. Last, the President, as the leader of the entire mass of citizens, has the opportunity to send messages and letters to the Congress to recommend the laws best for the whole country.

Majority Consideration:

That the majority rule the consideration of proposals in the House of Representatives is a main American policy. In this popular congressional branch, the majority has the power needed to accomplish the people’s goals the majority has taken up, unless the forward decision making limits a minority’s due opportunity to be heard. Debate on a proposal is closed by a majority vote. Yet, a minority legislator has one opportunity to ask the bill is recommitted to a committee. After any majority closure, there is an automatic proposal for reconsidering the measure.

Proposals by All:

A proposal, from any citizen, can be introduced in Congress by following a traditional procedure. The bill, the most common kind, can be introduced in either the House of Representatives or the Senate. Both houses have to have an introduction for a joint resolution. Concurrent resolutions, that affect both houses’ operations, are introduced in both houses. The simple resolutions that affect only one house’s operations are introduced in the affected house. Only bills are sent to the President for approval.

Majority Vote:

Majority yeas in both houses approve bills and joint resolutions. When the House of Representatives first approves, the Senate follows with a majority approval vote. A Senate lead requires the House consent. If the second house amends the proposal, the legislation passes when the first house concurs.

President’s Approval:

Our national leader ratifies a bill before it becomes a law to serve the interests of all America. Tax filing is simplified or business initiative gains a greater support. Within 10 days time, the President approves by signing the bill, or lets the bill become law after the end of the last day. If rejection is chosen, the President vetoes and makes a two-thirds vote by both houses necessary to override, or chooses a pocket veto when time elapses for objection while the Congress is adjourned after the session.


New Report Urges Legislators to Pass Stricter No-Smoking Laws

Back in the 1920’s, Camel cigarettes launched the biggest ad campaign in the history of the United States. Up until that point, most smokers rolled their own cigarettes. For the next 30 years, cigarettes were represented as being healthful to smoke, very relaxing and soothing to the nerves.

New Report Urges Legislators to Pass Stricter No-Smoking Laws

Smoking Cause a Problem:

People from all walks of life were in the cigarette ads. Doctors and movie stars like John Wayne and Ronald Reagan graced the pages of all of the magazines and billboards as well as some of the first TV commercials.

But then something insidious began to happen. Doctors and researchers began to see hints that smoking cigarettes all of your life may cause a problem, even kill you. But most all of the research at that time was done by the tobacco companies themselves, so they kept their findings under wraps.

The Production of Cigarettes was War:

Before the Revolutionary War, most tobacco was smoked in cigars and pipes. But it seems the biggest catalyst for the production of cigarettes was war. Cigarette consumption jumped during all of the wars including World War II. Soldiers needed a form of tobacco they could smoke on the run. There was no time to stop and fill a pipe when someone was shooting at you.

Cigarette smoking was once considered sophisticated and suave. It still is in some parts of the world. But I think that here in the United States, the tide is turning. Cigarette smokers are made to go outside in the weather and do their damage. Some places, like hospitals and baseball stadiums, don’t even allow it outside anymore and many municipalities have outlawed it in public places.

Recently, the government started putting stricter warnings on packs of cigarettes. Pretty soon there will be gruesome pictures of dead lung cancer victims on every pack you buy. But is this really enough? Cigarettes are so addictive that all putting on the pictures might do is make a lot of disgusted cigarette smokers.

According to Medical News Today:

” Today’s release of, “How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking Attributable Disease” by U.S. Surgeon General Regina Benjamin focuses attention on tobacco use and its devastating effects,”

The report also showed that so-called “casual smokers” or “social smokers” are also at risk of developing serious disease. Smoking has a negative effect on the cardiovascular system from the first cigarette that you smoke. It’s not the amount of cigarettes that you smoke, but rather how long you have been smoking.

The researchers hope that the new report will spur legislators to pass laws that are proven to reduce smoking among the general population.







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